Maintenance, repair and operations (MRO) or maintenance, repair, and overhaul involves fixing any sort of mechanical, plumbing or electricaldevice should it become out of order or broken (known as repair, unscheduled, or casualty maintenance). It also includes performing routine actions which keep the device in working order (known as scheduled maintenance) or prevent trouble from arising (preventive maintenance). MRO may be defined as, "All actions which have the objective of retaining or restoring an item in or to a state in which it can perform its required function. The actions include the combination of all technical and corresponding administrative, managerial, and supervision actions."
MRO operations can be categorised by whether the product remains the property of the customer, i.e. a service is being offered, or whether the product is bought by the reprocessing organisation and sold to any customer wishing to make the purchase (Guadette, 2002). In the former case it may be a backshop operation within a larger organization or smaller operation.
In armed conflict and in daily life, ships have become an integral part of modern commercial and military systems. Fishing boats are used by millions of fishermen throughout the world. Military forces operate vessels for naval warfare and to transport and support forces ashore. Commercial vessels, nearly 35,000 in number, carried 7.4billion tons of cargo in 2007. As of 2011, there are about 104,304 ships with IMO numbers in the world.
Ships were always a key in history's great explorations and scientific and technological development. Navigators such as Zheng He spread such inventions as the compass and gunpowder. Ships have been used for such purposes as colonization and the slave trade, and have served scientific, cultural, and humanitarian needs. After the 16th century, new crops that had come from and to the Americas via the European seafarers significantly contributed to the world population growth.Ship transport has shaped the world's economy into today's energy-intensive pattern.
Ship's A.I. was created untold millennia ago by the Celestials as the operating system for a data collection device. The Celestials had genetically manipulated humanity, and they left the Ship in the area that would come to be known as Mongolia to monitor humanity's progress.
Circa 1100 A.D., a Mongolian immortal known as Garbha-Hsien (later known as Saul), discovered the Ship and lived next to it while he researched its mysteries. Saul never attempted to enter the Ship.
In time, the Egyptian immortal En Sabah Nur learned of Saul and sought him out as another immortal. In a confrontation, En Sabah Nur slew all of Saul's guards. Saul then sought to humble his fellow "forever-walker" by revealing the secret titanic vessel. Having had previous experience with futuristic technology due to his encounters with Rama-Tut, Nur attacked Saul and left the other immortal for dead and entered the Ship. He emerged later as a vastly changed being who now called himself Apocalypse.
According to TankerTrackers.com the ship is carrying nearly 1m barrels of Venezuelan fuel oil. A total of five tugboats were used to move the ship from its grounded position. Vessel tracking data shows the ship is not moving at the moment, suggesting it is being assessed for repairs.
That day 2,403 sailors, Marines, soldiers, airmen and civilians lost their lives, Del Toro recounted, 1,178 were wounded, 169 aircrafts were destroyed, and three ships were sunk off the island of Oahu ... saved his ship and those aboard ... Vestal, a repair ship moored to the U.S.S.
... plans to put in place a top management structure to oversee operations,” the company said in a statement.Following the acquisition, SwanEnergy targets to emerge as the biggest private player in the commercial and naval defence vessel manufacturing and ship repairing segments.
The monitoring committee of RNEL approved the constitution of a new board at its meeting held on Friday ... Also ReadNCLT directs SwanEnergy to make upfront payment for Reliance Naval ... Following the deal, SEL has firmed up its plan to emerge as the biggest private player in the commercial, naval defence vessel manufacturing and ship repairing segments.
The following is a list of the common defects found during ship inspections and cargo damage investigations ... If temporary repairs are required, it must be ensured that these temporary measures are such that the ship’s cargo worthiness will not be affected for the entirety of the voyage.
Groups that represent the shipping industry contend that instead of making repairs to existing locks, the Army Corps should be constructing new ones that have a 1,200-foot chamber to more efficiently accommodate larger groups of barges than the current chambers, which are 600 feet long.
That was because all of the owners’ claims were ultimately categorised as the cost of repairing the ship and returning her to the service under the charterparty. Although there were many items of expenditure, those claims could be characterised as a single claim for damage to the ship and such claims are not subject to limitation under the LLMC.
Hawaii had long served as a crucial refueling station for ships sailing from the west coast to East Asia... to deepest part of the lagoon capable of docking America’s most powerful ships ... Of the four ships, three were later raised and repaired and returned to service in World War II.
Conter, who lives in California’s Central Valley, was on watch the day of the attack and was on the quarterdeck station between the ship’s third turret and main deck ...Steel and was sent to Pearl Harbor to repair ships after the attack, according to his 2007 obituary.
CAIRO, Dec 6 (Reuters) - A container ship collided ... Convoys of ships coming from the south were diverted along the original branch of the canal, and the One Orpheus along with six ships behind it resumed their journeys after the faulty rudder was repaired, the canal authority said.